SOP Samples Country-wise

Not so long ago, the US reigned supreme as the ultimate study abroad destination. However, with growing awareness, Indian study abroad aspirants are now looking at alternate destinations, including, but not limited to, Australia, Canada and Germany. With benefits such as ease of visa, work opportunities, and lower fees, these countries have rapidly become attractive options too. Although this gives students a wider pool of options for universities, there’s a slight catch: your SOP, one of the key aspects of your application, will have to be written differently for each of these countries, since universities there have different expectations from your application. Confused? Don’t be, for in this article, we give you the complete lowdown on how the SOP differs from country to country, and how you can go about optimising your SOP so it matches the requirements for each of these four countries.

So, how exactly would the SOP be different?

The SoP, though an important essay written to demonstrate your potential and achievements, is subtly different for universities in countries like Australia, Canada and Germany. As such, to maximise your chances of an admit, you should know exactly what these differences are, so you can tailor your SOP accordingly. Here are some such differences:

A. The name of the SOP: think the SOP is a universal name? Think again! Depending on the country or university you choose, the SOP could be called a personal statement, a letter of intent, an academic statement, letter of motivation or research statement. What your SOP should talk about will thus depend on the name itself: if your university asks for a Research Statement, the emphasis will be on the kind of research you’ve done in the past, and how you wish to take it forward in the future. On the other hand, a Personal Statement will be a more general, all-encompassing essay, talking about your past achievements and future goals.

B. Word limit: While universities in the US are generous with the SOP word limits, allowing for up to 1000 words, that’s not the case everywhere: some German universities, for instance, place a cap on 500 words. Taking cognisance of the word limit is extremely important: overshooting the limit can often be grounds for instant rejection, while writing too little can risk an incomplete essay.

C. Emphasis: Not all SOPs are required to be a snapshot of your academic and professional achievements. Some universities, for instance, require you to talk more about your plans for future research than about your achievements and skills, while some may ask you to elucidate why you chose to do your postgraduate studies in that particular university or country. Read the guidelines carefully and ensure your SOP covers all that is asked of you.

Now, let’s take a look at how to go about writing the SOP for different countries, shall we? For convenience, we have picked four countries: the US, Canada, Australia and Germany. Let’s now see how exactly the SOP writing process differs for each of these countries.


The SOPs written for universities in the US are usually anywhere between 500-1000 words, and are required to be a comprehensive, yet thorough portrait of who you are and what you want to achieve. Unlike elsewhere, the SOP is of crucial importance in applying to universities abroad, and is used to filter out potential candidates from the applicant pool. It is usually used as a replacement to the personal interview, and so, it is of paramount importance to outline all the relevant facts about yourself—including your academic achievements, senior year thesis/project, research assistantships, internships, work experience and more. Often, SOPs are also the basis on which scholarships or graduate teaching/research assistantships are awarded, so be sure to give it your best shot!

If you’re curious about what a high-quality SOP to American universities looks like, be sure to check it out here!


Dreaming of graduate school in Australia? Be sure to focus on your SOP first: it’s the passport to your dreams! Australian universities require an SOP that is quite similar to the one required by universities in the US: a substantial essay carefully delineating your personal story, from who you are to what you want to achieve in your personal and professional lives. For universities in Australia, too, the SOP is often used as a tool to screen out the promising applicants from the rest. However, some schools and programmes may ask for a statement outlining only your research interests, or only your career goals. Read the requirements carefully so you can write the perfect SOP for your application.

The SOPs for universities in the US and Australia have quite a lot of common, and a good SOP for both these countries must ponder over these important questions:
  • What are your goals for the future, and how will this programme and university help you achieve them?
  • Why are you applying to this particular programme? How do you think it’ll help you in your future research work?
  • What sparked your interest in this discipline? What have you done to bolster your interest and passion for it?
  • What kind of skills have you developed vis a vis your discipline, and what skills do you hope to learn over the course of this programme?
For an SOP that addresses all of these questions, you can click here!


Universities in Germany, and most of Europe, don’t necessarily place such a heavy onus on the SOP as the rest of the world. They choose, instead, to focus on the quality of your application, the future potential and tenability of your research, and your past achievements. Regardless, this is not to say that the SOP here is not important: while some universities may make it optional, the SOP is in fact often used as a way by the admissions committee to decide whom to give tuition aid and scholarships too. So don’t overlook the importance of your SOP! There are some specific questions that your SOP for German universities must address. What are these? These include:
  • What are your professional goals? What do you hope to do after your Masters?
  • How do you think your research will contribute to the betterment of your country’s economic or social wellbeing?
  • What draws you to this particular Masters programme? What are some of the courses offered in this programme that might aid you in your future research, and how?
  • Why are you the right person for this programme? What are some of the skills and specialities that you bring to the table?
  • Why do you want to study in Germany? Are there any technology developments in Germany you wish to draw upon and apply to your own research?
What does a great SOP for a German university really look like? Well, why not check it out here?


Canada is fast becoming a highly academically oriented country, with universities like McMaster and Toronto giving top universities in the US a run for their money. This also means that the quality of your SOP (often called the Statement of Intent) has to be top-notch if you want to win yourself a place at a Canadian university. A Statement of Intent is quite different from an SOP in that unlike the SOP, there’s no mention of your personal story here, and as such, a clear demonstration of your career goals and research interests become extremely important here. Let’s take a look at some of the points your Statement of Intent must include:

Mention clearly why the particular subject is of interest to you: was there perhaps a class or an interesting professor who kindled your curiosity?

What do you intend on researching with the programme? In other words, how do you think your research will contribute to the development of your field? Additionally, what do you want to use your research for? These are all questions you must ponder over.

What are some of the academic or professional experiences that have contributed to the development of your skillset? How will these skills enable you to undertake a graduate-level programme in your preferred discipline?

Why Canada, and why this particular university? Perhaps there are some facilities that might aid in your research that you’re eager to utilise, or maybe some distinguished faculty members you’re keen to work. Be sure to mention these clearly.

For a great sample SOP written for a Canadian university, you can click here.

Well, there it is: the various differences in the SOPs for different countries. Have you found this article useful and illuminating? We sure hope you did! For even more resources on the SOP, be sure to click here.

We wish you all the best for your future!
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