GRE Verbal Syllabus
- Reading Comprehension
- Text Completion
- Sentence Equivalence.
- analyze and draw conclusions from written statements
- identify and understand multi-layered contexts and their meanings and to draw reasonable assumptions from a given data.
The GRE Verbal Section has two separate 30-minute subsections with 20 questions each. The topics that you are expected to cover to ace this section are:
- Basic Sentence Structure and Parts of Speech : Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives and Verbs
- Idioms and Idiomatic Expressions
- Subject and Verb Agreement
- Equivalence and Parallelism
Let us now give you a detailed insight into these sections, the type of questions from each as well what you can expect on the GRE.
Reading ComprehensionThe Reading Comprehension section comprises almost 50-55 percent of the GRE Verbal Section. In Reading Comprehension, you will have to read a passage, which usually ranges between 150-500 words in length. The passage could be drawn from a vast range of topics that include technology, general awareness, historical events, anthropology, and sports among others. As a test taker, you will be analyzed on how well you can understand the passage and mark out important points to answer the questions that follow. You have to be able to draw relatable references between the sentences in the text as well as analyze substantial data and draw inferences even from what might not be explicitly stated in the passage.
There are three types of questions, which you can expect in the Reading Comprehension section. These are:
- Multiple Choice Question – Select One Answer Choice
These question types will have only one correct answer out of the given alternatives. You have to select the answer choice that accurately answers the question. Marking any choice other than correct option fetches you no score.
- Multiple Choice Question – Select One or More Answer Choices
These questions often provide you with multiple correct answer choices. You have to select all the answers that are correct. There may be one, two or more correct alternatives. Answering all and only the correct option choices will fetch you the full score. Note that there is no partial or negative marking system in place for these type of questions.
You will be provided with a description or a statement and you will be required to mark a sentence or portion from within the passage that best fits the description. There is only one right answer in these type of questions and your ability to understand and relate words and sentences will be tested. A correct selection will fetch you a full score while any incorrect selection will not yield any score.
Let's evaluate another example.
Text CompletionThe Text Completion section not only assesses your ability to reason with the information provided, but it also evaluates your ability to interpret and form meaningful sentences or complete text by filling in the blanks from some given answer choices. The section also tests for the candidate’s vocabulary by selecting words or short phrases to fill the blanks. While the structure of these questions may look like simple 'Fill in the blanks' questions, you will be provided with an almost identical set of answer choices which when filled, should form a coherent and meaningful sentence or passage.
You can expect at least 8 questions from Text Completion, with roughly a minute to solve each.
Let us now go through a typical sentence equivalence question and its scoring mechanism to give you a better understanding.
Just like Text Completion questions, Sentence Equivalence questions assess the ability of a candidate to reach a relevant conclusion of a sentence or a passage based on partial information. Sentence Equivalence questions consist of a single sentence or a passage with single or multiple blanks. You will be provided with 6 answer choices out of which you will have to select any two choices, both of which form a complete and meaningful sentence within the paragraph. It may seem like looking out for words or synonyms, but once again, the key to scoring in this section is by working on building a strong vocabulary.
You can expect at least 12 questions on Text Completion and Sentence Equivalence, 6 out of the 20 questions in each of the 2 sections, which will be divided between single and multiple correct answer type questions.
Take a look at this typical Text Completion question and its scoring pattern!
An Effective GRE Verbal PrepAt GREedge, we have a plethora of questions on GRE Verbal Reasoning from each of the 3 sections: Reading Comprehension, Text Completion, and Sentence Equivalence to help our students prepare for a high GRE score, right from the comfort of home! Each student gets 2 dedicated personal trainers for fast and effective doubt-solving as well as help with understanding the question pattern. At present, we have over 3323 questions on GRE Verbal Reasoning, with more questions being added every day to provide students the ultimate resources for a power-packed GRE preparation!
Wondering how to begin your preparation? Almost every student has several doubts in mind when starting with their GRE preparation. What should the first step be? How to prioritize and allocate one's prep-time to each section? Why is the GRE called an adaptive test and what does it mean? We have discussed all of these in the next section, along with the topic-wise weight of each section! Click here to give it a read!